Longhorn cattle in the sales pens at Chicago's Union Stock Yard, circa 1890. Posters, illustrations, compositions and postcards are not permitted. Images that have been resubmitted within the last three months will be removed. The animal was then lifted into the air to begin the slaughtering process. The stockyards closed 40 years ago, in 1971. Collection americana Digitizing sponsor Armour, along with several other large meatpacking Quebec, Oka Crisis, 26 September 1990. In 1848, a stockyard called the Bulls Head Market was opened to the public. The world renowned (and once major tourist stop - including visitors such as Rudyard Kipling, Sarah Bernhardt, Edward, Prince of Wales and Marlene Dietrich) Union Stock Yards, in the summer of 1941. Anne Bramley is the author of Eat Feed Autumn Winter and the host of the Eat Feed podcast. Notice the elevated ramp or viaduct in the background, over which livestock were driven to the packinghouses. Publication date 1893?] The Union stockyards were so important because this mass industry really changed the way Americans, well, the way the world thinks about food. [1644 x 1033], Harriet Tubman in her Auburn, New York home three years after the Civil War. The entire operation, from the killing wheel to the death locker, took less than ten minutes. You knew where meat came from. Enlarge [ digital file from b&w film copy neg. ] Interesting article on these kinds of jobs. But the first Christmas after the Civil War is a key date to note. Meatpacking Technology Chicago Stockyards After the creation of the Union Stock Yards, various meatpacking companies established operations around the yards. Please only submit historic photographs. It's impossible to pinpoint the exact moment Americans embraced industrialized food. [28] Colorized photographs need to be tagged with [Colorized] and link to the original photograph in the comments. One author called it "man, meat and miracle." It was the presentation of the modern. It was a spectacle.". That's when Chicago's infamous Union Stock Yard opened to the public, in 1865. They saw just about everything. the crucible steel blade contains closely spaced points or teeth. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. [1600 x 907]. Videos, collections, interactive images/websites, and articles are, Pictures of family members are not allowed in. Notice the smoke rising from the huge plants. Actually, it's kind of hard for contemporary people to think about: Why would you take children to see this? What was the purpose/function of that wheel? As part of the spectacle of the packinghouses, a worker shackled the leg of a hog onto a revolving wheel known as a Hurford wheel. The district was operated by a group of railroad companies that acquired swampland and turned it into a centralized processing area. Union Stock Yards, End … Foreign writers and businessmen came to Chicago to observe the operations at the stockyards. 9 The rules of the Stock Yards are, that the animals must be fed and watered before they are weighed, and without such weighing they cannot be sold. View of the Union Stockyards from Swift Canadian Co. Ltd. plant [looking east] (1942) Source: Archives of Manitoba, St. Boniface - Stockyards 1, AMD-11-1. Sure. When the wheel began to rotate, the hog was jerked into the air, upside down, squealing and kicking, and was carried by the movement of the wheel to an overhead rail that ran the length of the building, on a descending angle, from the top to the bottom floor. How did that "spectacle" or the "presentation of the modern" change the way people thought about their food? Photo, Print, Drawing Chicago - Meat Packing Industry - Swift & Co.'s Packing House: killing hogs, shackling pen and wheel. The Union Stock Yard & Transit Co., or The Yards, was the meatpacking district in Chicago for more than a century, starting in 1865. Todd Protzman Davis shared Kevin Watts Imagine the smell? Chicagoans Wanted to Rid Streets of Drovers and Animals. Tourists watched masses of animals move through kill … At the very beginning, the tours were given by street kids, but eventually the packinghouses had organized tours with uniformed tour guides. UNION STOCK YARDS AND SLAUGHTER HOUSES. hide caption. Big packing houses were killing 1,500, 2,500 steers a day. And remained a tourist attraction well into the 20th century. This new plant employed the modern "assembly line" (or rather dis-assembly line) method of work. Before construction of the various private stockyards, tavern owners provided pastures and care for cattle herds waiting to be sold. Union Stockyards Gate. Courtesy of Dominic A. Pacyga/University of Chicago Press And the fact is that the presentation of the modern was both intriguing and frightening. It was the presentation of the modern. Comments that do not directly add to the discussion will be removed and can also result in (temp) bans. And then you were taken off to see the soap works, the hide rooms, through the whole thing. Revolving hog wheel. The mechanized process with its killing wheel and conveyors helped inspire the automobile assembly line that Henry Ford popularlized in 1913. The killing and cutting process for cattle was different, but was performed with equal efficiency. And then they were brought onto the kill floor, about 12 or 13 at a time, where a shackler would shackle the hind leg. It quickly became the symbol of the market and the meat industry in Chicago. [4113x6531], Lockheed Martin employee Sally Wadsworth working on the fuselage of a P-38 Lightning in California in 1944 [1941 x 2982], The infamous New York City blackout of 1977. Images submitted here must be of historical events, taken at least 20 years ago. The slaughterhouses got their livestock from Chicago's Union Stockyards: 475 acres of cattle, hogs and other animals shipped here from all over the country. A live hog was attached to a giant wheel by a chain around one of its hind legs. Union Stock Yards in the 1870s, where more meat was processed than in any other place in the world. The famed architectural firm Burnham and Root designed the iconic entranceway to the Union Stock Yard in 1879. If you have any questions check out the FAQ. [1670x2048], photo of the partially excavated Great Sphinx of Giza, with the Pyramid of Khafre (left) and the Great Pyramid of Giza (right) behind it. A trip through the Union stock yards and slaughter houses ... Chicago, U.S.A. by Lambert, George William. Opened in 1865, Chicago's Union Stock Yard was the greatest livestock market the world had seen. Chicago's Union Stock Yard and the World It Made. If you cannot find the date after a concerted effort, then a rough estimate or simply saying unknown date will suffice. Do you think that, because people were able to watch this spectacle, it actually helped bring about this change that separated us from where meat comes from? (2516x1849), A crying Sudeten woman as she dutifully salutes Adolf Hitler as German forces sweep into Czechoslovakia, October 1938. And then the hog would be lifted into the air by the Hurford wheel, and they'd go to the sticker, who basically cut the hog's throat. Why were the Union stockyards so important? We would love to have you stop by and visit the Union Stock Yards Co. If you have any questions or feedback feel free to let us know! And then the hog would be lifted into the air by the Hurford wheel, and they'd go to the sticker, who basically cut the hog's throat. Because the new modern industry was quite a spectacle to behold, says Pacyga, and it was by watching it that Americans began to change their relationship to meat. The Armour plant was built at 45th Street and Elizabeth Avenue immediately to the west of the Union Stockyards. Opened in 1865, Chicago’s Union Stock Yard was the greatest livestock market the world had seen. 1865: Union Stockyards Multiple Stockyards in Chicago Prior to 1865: Not Efficient-Need for a Centralized Market and a Consolidated Location for Shipping. At the time, a young film student, Mark Mamalakis, went to the yards to capture the end of an era. Rendered by PID 6548 on r2-app-0706053c27dbb5c55 at 2020-12-05 17:48:14.170033+00:00 running a7f2daa country code: US. The Union Stock Yard & Transit Co. of Chicago received its first bellowing arrivals on Christmas Day 1865 in 15 rickety cattle-cars pulled by a puffing, wood-burning locomotive. Hog Killing Wheel. In the book, you mention that when the stockyards opened, they were quite a tourist attraction. Get an ad-free experience with special benefits, and directly support Reddit. Those of us who live in cities don't have a personal relationship with the meat we eat. taken around 1878. "See" is the key word here. By the 1890s, the railroad capital behind the Union Stockyards was Vanderbilt money. Armour plant, Union Stock Yards, Chicago, 1912 [1024x643]. [–][deleted] 6 points7 points8 points 4 years ago (0 children). Keep the discussion on-topic. This will be removed and can result in a ban. ... 13 at a time, where a shackler would shackle the hind leg. Three Eastern Railroads Purchased 320 Acres in the Town of Lake. Union Stock Yards, after the knockout. The Union Stockyard and Transit Company, known commonly as The Chicago Stockyards, was a major industrial hub in Chicago for more than a century. Men load cattle onto a car for shipment to Chicago, circa 1890. Also, it was sort of the beginning of mass industrialization, at least in Chicago. pigs, sows, boars, lambs, goats, llamas & baby calves : back to farm cows, cow/ calf prs, feeder cattle And people would come and take a tour of both. And it must have been absolutely fascinating to people in the 19th century to see this mass [of livestock] coming together. It made it less personal. By the turn of the 19th century, about 500,000 [people] a year were coming to visit the stockyards and the packinghouses. And then they were brought onto the kill floor, about 12 or 13 at a time, where a shackler would shackle the hind leg. When the wheel began to rotate, the hog was jerked into the air, upside down, squealing and kicking, and was carried by the movement of the wheel to an overhead rail that ran the length of the building, on a descending angle, from the top to the bottom floor. It was a spectacle. The mechanized process with its killing wheel and conveyors helped inspire the automobile assembly line that Henry Ford popularlized in It drew hundreds of thousands of people a year. It quickly became the symbol of the market and the meat industry in Chicago. Union Stock Yards, cooler. We should keep the two apart. The Union Stockyards Administrative Office, built in 1912 on a design by local architect John Woodman (1967) Source: Archives of Manitoba, Architectural Survey - Winnipeg, Marion Street, Sheet 1. And the same amount of sheep. and join one of thousands of communities. Then it would pass onto an army of 150 men and women who would dress the hog. We caught up with Pacyga by phone to talk about how Chicago instigated that transformation. https://www.learner.org/series/biographyofamerica/prog14/transcript/page02.html, [–]henrysmith78730 1 point2 points3 points 4 years ago (0 children). use the following search parameters to narrow your results: All posts will be reviewed by a human moderator first before they become visible to all subscribers. The operation would only last thirty more years, closing at midnight on July 30th, 1971. They'd go through the stockyards, usually entering through the stone gate just west of Halsted Street, and then eventually end up in the packinghouses themselves. Just a massive amount of animals. Twitter: @annebramley, Boiling vats used to prepare hogs for hair removal, circa 1890. steel components have been refinished and treated with a cleat coat lacquer. Colorized photographs that take too many artistic liberties will be removed, this includes (but is not limited to) removing details or adding things like patterns on clothing that are not visible in the original. The use of assembly line techniques — or, really, "disassembly" line techniques — began very early in Cincinnati, but they were used here in Chicago very effectively. The Bulls Head Stock Yards were located at Madison Street and Ogden Avenue. http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2001/07/dangerous-meatpacking-jobs-eric-schlosser. There's this separation. The Armour plant was built at 45th Street and Elizabeth Avenue immediately to the west of the Union Stockyards. A Busy Alley. The old Union Stockyards in Chicago, early 1900s. The district was operated by a … Twice, they peaked at over 18 million. Revolving hog wheel. the heel with tension screw remains in working condition. The Union Stock Yard & Transit Co., or The Yards, was the meatpacking district in Chicago for more than a century, starting in 1865. Opened Christmas Day, 1865. "As late as the 1950s, grade school children in Chicago were taken to see the hog slaughter. Sep 21, 2013 - Find high resolution royalty-free images, editorial stock photos, vector art, video footage clips and stock music licensing at the richest image search photo library online. In 1890 it took about eight to 10 hours for a skilled butcher and his assistant to slaughter and dress a steer on a farm. The Chicago Tribune called it "organized chaos." Union Stock Yards c. 1908. Topics Stockyards -- Illinois Chicago, Slaughtering and slaughter-houses Publisher [Chicago : s.n. Hogs were driven to the roofs of the building, where they were allowed to cool down. If a post breaks one of our rules you will be informed about it. Titles should not include any political or cultural interpretation or observation. The castle-like gate was once the main entrance to the vast stockyards where millions of cows and hogs met their ends each year. [780 x 439], Oct 1956 - As part of an initiative to promote credibility of the polio vaccine Commissioner of Health Leona Baumgartner, right, holds the arm of Elvis Presley as Assistant Commissioner Harold Fuerst administers it [1000x1000], First Photo of the Acropolis in Greece c.1842 [500x200], British adventurer, soldier, and author, Colonel Thomas Edward Lawrence, or "Lawrence of Arabia" riding a camel, 1916. In the years that followed, several small stockyards were scattered throughout the city. You'd walk into a rather nice waiting room and were taken by the guides. They closed some 44 years ago, but Chicago's Union Stockyards profoundly shaped the development of the city and the modern world. With the spreading service of railroads, several small stockyards were created in and around the city of Chicago. From 1893 to 1933 there were never fewer than 13 million head of livestock at the stockyards annually. The view from the Union Stock Yard water tower looking southwest to the sheep house and Packingtown, circa 1890. Suddenly it's removed from everyday life. Post Limit - Please limit your submissions to no more than two (2) per calendar day so as to give others a chance for their content to be seen as well! The entire operation, from the killing wheel to the death locker, took less than ten minutes. Be sure to check-out the full list of history-related subreddits. Personal attacks, abusive language, trolling or bigotry in any form is not allowed. Its position in the development and maintenance of the Chicago economy helped position the city as the center of the American meat industry. Fourteen year old Mohawk and future Olympic gold medalist Waneek Horn-Miller cradling her younger sister after she herself was bayoneted in the chest by a Canadian soldier. And the fact is that the presentation of the modern was both intriguing and frightening. The district was operated by a group of railroad companies that acquired marshland and turned it into a centralized processing area. And then the hog would be lifted into the air by the Hurford wheel… Make sure your image is hosted by an approved host. Armour plant, Union Stock Yards, Chicago, 1912 [1024x643] (i.imgur.com), [–]Vaux1916 5 points6 points7 points 4 years ago (4 children). It was this grand spectacle of something that was very common. Union Stock Yards c. 1909. "Its promoters clearly thought there could be no more appropriate way to observe a festive Christian holiday in the midst of America's capitalist hothouse than to open the greatest livestock market the world would ever see," writes Dominic A. Pacyga in his new book, Slaughterhouse: Chicago's Union Stock Yard and the World It Made. Advertisement ... People need to get over their squeamishness about killing livestock. Include the date of the photograph in the title. Please add commentary and supplementary information in the comments. The killing and cutting process for cattle was different, but was performed with equal efficiency. original late 19th century oversized union stock yard slaughter house butcher saw with original opposing beech wood handles intact. 9:00 am: fat cattle, slaughter cows & bulls . Between 1852 and 1865, five (5) … One hundred years ago, more meat was processed in Chicago than anywhere on the planet. Systematically Planned and Organized by Octave Chanute a. At its peak, more than 18 million livestock were slaughtered annually and, amazingly, the grim mechanization of death attracted thousands upon thousands of tourists—including European royalty. REDDIT and the ALIEN Logo are registered trademarks of reddit inc. π Rendered by PID 6548 on r2-app-0706053c27dbb5c55 at 2020-12-05 17:48:14.170033+00:00 running a7f2daa country code: US. But the packinghouses adjacent to it were another several hundred acres of meat packing plants. It's removed from the human experience. What exactly did people see when they toured the stockyards? The stockyard was a livestock market: 450 acres covered with pens and railroad chutes and office buildings. The Union Stock Yards, designed to consolidate operations, was built in 1864 on swampland south of the city. The Union Stock Yard & Transit Co., or The Yards, was the meatpacking district in Chicago for more than a century, starting in 1865. By the 1890s, the railroad money behind the Union Stockyards was Vanderbilt money. © 2020 reddit inc. All rights reserved. So it is perfectly normal for your post to not show up in the new listing. Here's part of our conversation, edited for brevity and clarity. In Chicago, it took 35 minutes. The town's cotton mills at their peak of their prosperity with 99,000 power looms in operation. I mean, if you grew up on a farm, you knew how to do these things. How? They were killing 6,000 to 7,000, maybe even 8,000 hogs a day. Assembly line techniques, or "disassembly" line techniques, were used very effectively in Chicago's Union stockyards, says, Courtesy of Dominic A. Pacyga/University of Chicago Press. There were galleries above the kill floors, so you could watch the whole process. About this Item. Things not on topic are comments that, but are not limited to, solely consist of a joke, (political) soapboxing, etc. Exchange Building c. 1906. 1868-1869 Photographed by Benjamin F. Powelson. ... Union Stock Yards, hog wheel c. 1907. It was south and west of the earlier stockyards in an area bounded by Halsted Street on the east, South Racine Avenue on the west, with 39th Street as the northern boundary and 47th Street as the southern boundary. Download: Go. But as late as the 1950s, grade school children in Chicago were taken to see the hog slaughter. One of the earliest to move into the area was the Armour plant in 1867. A live hog was attached to a giant wheel by a chain around one of its hind legs. The famed architectural firm Burnham and Root designed the iconic entranceway to the Union Stock Yard in 1879. (2322x3000), The Weavers Triangle, Burnley Lancashire, 1910. Then the pig's throat was cut and the carcass was cleaned, washed, and butchered by hundreds of hands as it passed along the overhead wire to the cold storage area. Regarding reposts: it is not a repost unless it was posted to /r/HistoryPorn within the last three months, or if it's already in the top 100 of all time. In business since 1931 and in Hillsboro since 1958. Please check out our Sale Dates page for an up-to-date list of our upcoming sales, Click Here for more info : Please check out our BIG I SPECIALS. It was actually the miracle of mass industrialization. Include an accurate description of the photograph (event, location, war, year, etc) in the title. 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